Re: Re: reorganisation and destruction of irish catholic churches
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The religious art of the Beuronese school:
Desiderius Lenz (1832â€“1923), the leading theoretician of the Beuronese school of art, enunciated a number of principles he believed were congruent with godly art. Among them were these:
â€¢ Art should be an anonymous collective effort, not for the glory of a single artist, but for the glory of God.
â€¢ Individualistic style should be minimized in favor of copying a collective style.
â€¢ The geometric sense of proportion found in ancient Egyptian paintings should be followed.
â€¢ Art and architecture should be fully integrated; painting and sculpture should not be decorative afterthoughts, but part of a preconceived architectural plan.
In the early 1860s, Lenz befriended Gabriel WÃ¼ger (1829â€“1892) in Vienna with whom he shared an interest in contemporary art. Shortly thereafter they joined a group of artists in Rome called the Nazarenes, noted for their unconventional manner of dress and program to revitalize Christian art. Lenz and WÃ¼ger believed that in order to make sacred art one should lead a Christian life in a community.
In 1868, they met Maurus Wolter (1825â€“1890), the young abbot co-founder of the Beuron Benedictine monastery in southwest Germany, who had similar artistic aspirations. At the invitation of Princess Catherine of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1817â€“1893), who was the patron of the monastery, Lenz and WÃ¼ger designed and constructed a chapel, the Mauruskapelle, near Beuron, which incorporated their theories about the harmonious blend of art and architecture. WÃ¼ger entered the Beuron monastery in 1870, soon followed by his disciple Lukas Steiner (1849â€“1906), and Lenz in 1872.
With the encouragement of Wolter, Lenz and WÃ¼ger attracted other artists to Beuron, who worked together on a number of churches in Europe. Their use of plain backgrounds, basic colors, limited use of perspective, a repetition of decoration, and a conscious neglect of details became the hallmarks of the Beuronese style. Paul Cezanne (1839â€“1906), Paul Gauguin (1848â€“1903), and Vincent van Gogh 1853â€“1890) were familiar with Beuronese art, which influenced the French school of art known as Nabis, whose founder Maurice Denis (1870â€“1943) visited Beuron several times.