Re: Re: well what about the developments popping up in the shannonside ?

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The Georgian Terraced House (Limerick)

Book: Georgian Limerick (A Limerick Civic Trust Publication)

Edited by David Lee and Bob Kelly

Pages(105 – 117)

I found the article above/below to be very informative and in light of the rejuvenation of the city centre where ongoing change presents a big challenge for the future of the cities Georgian heritage i.e the movement towards modern apartments and office accommodation or where Georgian buildings are being threatened by demolition for large scale rejuvenation projects.

Extracts from the article “The Georgian Terraced House”

Limerick’s Georgian heritage consists mainly of terraced houses built for domestic use. Georgian town houses were built in uniform rows, known as terraces, usually four storeys high with a short flight of steps leading up to the front door and a basement below street level. In Limerick the majority of terraces built during the Georgian era are still standing ~ a testament in bricks and mortar to all who laboured on them, from the architect to the apprentice mason.

Some of the best examples in Limerick of Georgian terraced buildings are in the Cresent, upper O’Connell Street, Mallow Street area and adjoining streets. But pride of place belongs to Pery Square where a row of six Georgian terraced houses were built in 1838, the last of their kind to be built in Limerick. In other parts of Limerick some of the terraces are looking a little the worst for wear ~ a general decline brought about by a change of function from mainly owner-residential use to commercial office and rented accommodation.

In terms of architectural development Georgian Limerick was a late starter for it was not until the 1760’s that the first Georgian terraces were built along what is now George’s Quay and Charlotte’s Quay on the Abbey River.

Customer Demands

As a generalisation, most Georgian terraced townhouses were built by speculative developers whose main interest was to make a handsome profit. The builder naturally wanted to construct as many houses as possible on a street to maximise his income and reduce expenditure on non-profitable road-making. At the same time he had to take into account the demands of the well-to-do house-buyers who wanted to live in dignity and comfort. The tall, narrow-fronted design of terraced houses was an ideal architectural compromise for it combined high density development with ample living space for the occupants and their families, with a few rooms available for the servants.

Georgian terraced houses are the 18th century equivalent of modern suburban housing estates.

Scrutiny of aerial photographs of Limerick city reveal that many of the terraced roofs of the Georgian terraces are M-shaped with valley gutters in between. These double-pitched roofs were necessary in order to span the length of the building from the narrow street frontage to the rear of the building. Terraced roofs cannot be seen from street level because they are hidden by a high parapet along the front, rear and gable elevations ~ the use of parapets being derived from a number of building regulations introduced by the British Parliament to reduce the risk of fire spreading from one house to another. For instance, the 1707 Building Act insisted that a party wall parapet should not stand eighteen inches above the roof line. This safety feature was soon continued around the front and rear of houses and came to be an essential feature of the Georgian town house, giving a block of terrace houses a “box-like” appearance.

The most essential of all domestic features, the lavatory, or privy, was usually placed in the back yard where bodily wastes were collected in a cess pit. One of the duties of the servants was to arrange the disposal of this waste. In Georgian Limerick the main sewers were built under the middle of the street between the basement vaults, which extended out from the terraces. Before the introduction of fitted waste pipes the servants had to empty the slop buckets and chamber pots by hand into the street sewer which was accessible from the underground vault. In Limerick the first piped water supply wasn’t introduced until 1825.

Drawing-1
Roof (not visible from road level)
Parapet
Attic storey
Sliding sash windows
Gauged brick arch
First Floor piano mobile
String course
Fanlight
Recessed columns
Basement level
A townhouse fa

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