Re: Re: reorganisation and destruction of irish catholic churches

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#773724
Praxiteles
Participant

The Verduner Altarpiece from Klosterneuburg completed in 1181:

The altar dedication

QUALITER ETATUM SACRA CONSONA SINT PERARATUM

CERNIS IN HOC OPERE MUNDI PRIMORDIA QUERE

LIMITE SUB PRIMO SUNT UMBRE LEGIS
IN IMO

INTER UTRUMQUE SITUM DAT TEMPUS GRACIA TRITUM

QUE PRIUS OBSCURA VATES CECINERE
FIGURA

ESSE DEDIT PURA NOVA FACTORIS GENITURA

VIM PER DIVINAM VENIENS REPARARE RUINAM

QUE PER SERPENTEM DEIECIT UTRUMQUE PARENTEM

SI PENSAS IUSTE LEGIS MANDATA VETUSTE

OSTENTATA FORIS RETINENT NIL PENE DECORIS

UNDE PATET VERE QUIA LEGIS

ANNO MILLENO CENTENO SEPTUAGENO
NEC NON UNDENO GWERNHERUS CORDE SERENO
SEXTUS PREPOSITUSTIBI VIRGO MARIA DICAVIT QUOD NICOLAUS OPUS VIRDUNENSIS FABRICAVIT.

[In this work you see how the sacred

and salvific signs accord with the order of the ages.

Search for the world’s beginnings in the first zone;

the veiled shadow images of the law are to be found below;

in the middle zone discern the advent of grace
extending to the present.

What in early times prophetic song darkly foretold

is illumined by God’s new creation coming to heal with holy power

the fall which drove the first parents into exile by the cunning of the snake.

If you truly think about the commandments of the Old Law

you find little or no beauty in their external form.

This shows they are only the forebodings of the law

divine pity granted to the next world age

In 1181, Wernher, sixth abbot of
the Augustinian monastery at
Novum Castellum,
consecrated this work by
Nicolas of Verdun
to you Mary, most holy virgin, with a glad heart.].

ABSTRACT OF THEOLOGICAL PROGRAM

The typological schema of the ‘altar’s’ program is triadic: the main events of the New Testament, the Vita Christi, are shown to have been twice foretold by events recorded in the Old Testament. These past events now are seen as allegories, as veiled signs, as artfully concealed communications hinting at the divine plan: they are presented as an invitation to be cunningly and subtly read, according to their true significance in light of present revelation.

This method of interpretation, called typological, or figurative, rests its truth claims on the testimonies of biblical allegories and the authority of the patristic tradition. The fifth and the 12th century are periods where typology especially flourished, in strategic response to immense political and spiritual challenges.– Below please find the panel overview with the circumscription catalogue, followed by a translation of the original document with which the panels have been dedicated. This dedication defines typology in no uncertain terms. The “Dedicatio” is followed by the typologically construed Scripture references for each of the triads, vertically displayed on the altar’s 17 panels (51 scenes), together with the name of each panel’s presiding virtue.

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