Re: Re: reorganisation and destruction of irish catholic churches

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apelles
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The Primate’s Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Mary taken into heaven and St Adalbert is an ecclesiastic basilica in Esztergom, Hungary, the main church of the Archdiocese of Esztergom-Budapest, and the seat of the Catholic Church in Hungary. It is dedicated for the Blessed Virgin Mary Taken into Heaven, and Saint Adalbert.

The basilica is also known for Bakócz Chapel (named after Tamás Bakócz), built by Italian masters between 1506–1507 out of red marble of Süttő, its walls adorned with Tuscan Renaissance motifs. It is the most precious remaining example of Renaissance art in Hungary.

As a building, it is the largest church in Hungary and the third largest in Europe. Its inner area is 56,000 m². It is 118 m long and 49 m wide. It has a reverberation time of more than 9 seconds. Its dome, forming a semi-sphere, is situated in the middle, and it has 12 windows. It is 71.5 m high inside, with a diameter of 33.5 metres, and is 100 m high from outside, counted from the crypt, thus it is the tallest building in Hungary.

The altarpiece (13.5 × 6.6 metres, depicting the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, by Michelangelo Grigoletti) is the largest painting in the world painted on a single piece of canvas.

The basilica is also known for Bakócz Chapel (named after Tamás Bakócz), built by Italian masters between 1506–1507 out of red marble of Süttő, its walls adorned with Tuscan Renaissance motifs. It is the most precious remaining example of Renaissance art in Hungary.

The huge crypt, built in Old Egyptian style in 1831, is today the resting place of late archbishops.

The organ



The renovation and enlargement of the organ started in the 1980s, after extended preparations, and it is currently in progress. It is supervised by István Baróti, the basilica’s organist and choirmaster, who has been holding this position since 1975. The work still needs financial support for completion. The organ has 5 manuals and, by the autumn of 2006, it will have 85 stops working out of the planned set of 146 (currently there are approx. 75). This is where the biggest organ pipe can be found in Hungary, 10 m, 11 yard, in length. The smallest pipe is 7 mm, ¼ inch (without pipe foot). This organ, when ready, will be the third largest one in Europe, surpassing all organs in Hungary in its sound and variety. (Its only rival can be the modern organ of the Palace of Arts in Budapest but their acoustics are rather different, the basilica having a prominent echo due to the extended flat surfaces in the cupola while the sound of the Palace of Arts instrument is more absorbed.)

At the time of the construction, in 1856, the organ was unique in Hungary with its 49 stops, 3530 pipes and 3 manuals. The present organ preserves several stops from the instrument Liszt played.
The first image here won an award on flickr.

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