Re: Re: ‘Dutch Billys’

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@gunter wrote:

CologneMike: that’s astonishing stuff again from Limerick.

On the contrary Gunter it’s your appraisal of these historic images that makes posting them worthwhile. As a non-architect, it’s interesting to learn about the finer details of these images. One can’t beat the trained-eye.

@gunter wrote:

If we have classic ‘Dutch Billys’ in Broad Street and John Street, in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, I take it the concept of the ‘Irishtown’ district as a native catholic ghetto, had long vanished by this time!

Gunter, I don’t know. But that is one “can of worms” you could be opening up here.

Here an excerpt from another of Sean Spellissy’s books “The History of Limerick City”.

The Irishtown came into existence as the Anglo-Norman invaders of the old city forced the earlier inhabitants out of their island homes, across to the opposite bank of the Abbey River.

This second settlement dates back to the days of King John. The streets were wider and some of the houses more modern but it became part of the walled city even though it retained a separate identity.

From about 1320 the fortifications were extended to enclose the Irishtown, work that was completed with the erection of John’s gate in 1495. In 1654 only one Irishtown landlord, Christopher Sexton, was considered to be acting in “English interests”, as the others, landlords and tenants alike, were classed as “Irish papists”.

When the old city walls were knocked in the mid-1700’s Mungret Street and John’s Square became elite residential areas. The development of Newtownpery led to the downgrading of the Irishtown.

Timeline of Irish History ~ Richard Killeen.

1690 Siege of Limerick, which refuses to surrender to Williamites.

1690 Patrick Sarsfield, Jacobite commander, destroys the Williamite siege train at Ballyneety, near Limerick, in a daring raid that results in the raising of the siege of Limerick.

1691 Second siege of Limerick. Following a truce, the treaty of Limerick formally ends the war. The generous terms offered by the Williamite military commanders to the Jacobites enrage Irish Protestant opinion.

1695 Act forbidding Catholics to educate their children abroad or to open schools in Ireland.

1697 Irish parliament finally approves the treaty of Limerick, but with material changes to the terms originally agreed. These changes and omissions were all to the disadvantage of Catholics.

1697 First of the major penal laws against Catholics enacted by the Irish Parliament: “all papists exercising any ecclesiastical jurisdiction and all regulars of the popish clergy” to leave Ireland within the year.

1699 Woollen Act passed at Westminister bans export of Irish wool to any destination except England.

1704 “Act to Prevent the Further Growth of Popery”, one of the key penal laws, enacted. It forbids Catholics to buy land; to lease it for longer than 31 years; obliges partible inheritance unless one son conforms to the Established Church, in which case he inherits all; provides a sacramental test for public office.

So without freedom of religion, education, land ownership and free trade it must have been a pretty bleak period to remain a defiant stubborn Catholic Gael!

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