The growth of the 14 twin cities along the United States-Mexico border has been considerable over the last decade, due in large part to the economic development stimulated by the boom of the maquiladora industry under NAFTA.
This economic growth has generated a massive migration of Mexicans to the northern border zone in search of jobs. It is estimated that some 300,000 illegal immigrants enter the United States every year. This twofold phenomenon of migration and maquiladoras has transformed Ciudad JuÃ¡rez-El Paso into one of the largest and most complex border communities in the world, with a population of 2,000,000 and economic growth of 5% annually.
The new communities tend to spread out in irregular developments on either side of the frontier. Such is the case of Anapra, a border neighborhood to the west of Ciudad JuÃ¡rez. Facing Anapra on the other side of the line, as El Paso faces Ciudad JuÃ¡rez, is Sunland Park, New Mexico.
A pedestrian crossing from Anapra (Ciudad JuÃ¡rez) to Sunland Park, New Mexico, at the intersection of the international line and the main thoroughfare of Anapra, with immigration control stations on either side. The stations will work together to provide security to pedestrians crossing legally. Unlike most border crossings with their heavy circulation of vehicular traffic, this one will only serve pedestrians. There will be a bus station and parking lot on either side of the border.
Areas to be developed on either side of the border:
1. Parking for 30 vehicles.
2. Bus station with capacity for 10 buses.
3. Pedestrian arrival area.
5.Immigration and Naturalization Service â€“ Department of Justice (36 m2). The principal function of this department is the inspection of documents, which requires a waiting area (12 m2), a work area (8 m2), two interview rooms (4 m2 each), and two offices (4 m2 each).
6. Customs â€“Department of the Treasury (32 m2). This office reviews and charges customs duties and taxes. The inspection process includes searching for illegal merchandise and contraband. Requirements are a waiting area (6 m2, a work area (6 m2), an inspection area (4 m2 ), a vault (4 m2) and three offices (4 m2 each).
7. General Use (54 m2). A womenâ€™s waiting room (8 m2), a menâ€™s waiting room (8 m2), a conference room (16 m2), an employee dining area (16 m2), a storage room (6 m2), staff and public washrooms, and a communications tower.
Material to be Submitted
Two 90 x 60 cm panels (foamboard or corrugated cardboard), in color or black and white, oriented vertically or horizontally.
The registration code (given by Arquine upon registration) on the back of the panels.
A white, 9 x 12 envelope, bearing the registration code on the outside, and containing the names, telephone numbers, complete address, and e-mail of each one of the participants, as well as a 23-x-31-cm color reduction of the plates.
This material must be shipped at the participantâ€™s own expense.
From October 6, 2004 to January 28, 2005.
From October 6, 2004 to December 17, 2004: P$600 (Mexico), US$80 (International)
From December 18, 2004 to January 28, 2005: P$750 (Mexico), US$90 (International)
20% discount for Arquine subscribers and/or students with valid student ID.
Send registration coupon containing the required information by fax or e-mail. The registration coupon can be downloaded in jgp format from Arquineâ€™s webpage http://www.arquine.com or found in issue numbers 29 and 30 of the magazine.